Recognised as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, the history of the trulli is as fascinating as their shape, perfect in its simplicity. The origin of these domes, known in Greek as tholos, which later became “trulli”, is shrouded in mystery. Some believe they are indigenous constructions, others believe there was influence from other peoples given the similarity to the Mycenaean tomb. The oldest existing trulli date back to the Middle Ages, when peasants, collecting the numerous limestone stones, built these casedde, or small houses, where they lived with their families and animals. Modest but ingenious dwellings: in fact, it was enough to remove the supporting stone, known as the keystone, for the entire structure to collapse, thus avoiding having to pay the tax on the house to the viceroy of the Kingdom of Naples during inspections. The top of the trulli is called a pinnacle, for some they are the marks of the owner or builder, the master trullaro, others claim they are magical, prehistoric symbols.
The welcoming town of Cisternino just 3 km away
A town to be discovered by getting lost in the narrow streets and among the aromas of the many restaurants. This town is part of the Murgia dei Trulli and has been named one of the ‘Borghi più belli d’Italia’. It is famous for its meat, especially bombette, and for its various historical monuments. Cisternino’s countryside is rich in vineyards, olive groves, fruit trees and farms. Its territory boasts the largest forest in the province of Brindisi, some 400 hectares of Mediterranean scrub and pine forest under forestry protection.
The whiteness of Ostuni 10 km away
A pearl set in the Murge hills catches the eye. Ostuni, the white town, remains in the hearts of visitors for the whiteness of its narrow streets and buildings, which in the past were dyed white with lime, a sanitising material. For archaeology enthusiasts, Ostuni’s museum houses the cast of Delia, an expectant woman who lived 25,000 years ago. For shopping enthusiasts, there is the famous Saturday morning market and local craft shops. A small labyrinth to be discovered, with historical beauties such as the fascinating Cathedral, whose dome looks like an emerald, the typical restaurants and the nightlife.
The unmissable Torre Guaceto Nature Reserve 35 km away
Soft sand, crystal-clear waters and expanses of Posidonia Oceanica. Torre Guaceto is a natural paradise that is still uncontaminated and has been awarded 3 Sails by Legambiente. The fascinating Aragonese tower, the dunes and small bays where turtles find refuge, make this place truly unique. The best activities: trekking, cycling, snorkelling, scuba diving, or sailing in the turquoise sea thanks to the sailing centre that also organises catamaran, sailing and windsurfing lessons.
Beautiful Monopoli 35 km away
An inimitable place as suggested by the Greeks. Its name, in fact, is the combination of monos and polis, which in Greek means “unique city”. Wandering through the narrow streets of the centre, it is hard not to be fascinated by the numerous noble palaces and churches, such as the Baroque cathedral of the Madonna della Madia. Don’t miss a stroll along the seafront, walking along the high walls to the 16th-century Charles V Castle, a Hispanic vestige of the city. Beyond the tower, the picturesque old port, characterised by the blue of the ‘gozzi’, the typical fishermen’s boats.
And then, an aperitif in the nearby Piazza Garibaldi or in the small pedestrian streets, full of bars and restaurants. Here you can listen to music, surrounded by the energy of the city and its inhabitants.